There have been various environmental problems that Africa is currently experiencing. Several scholars have continued to study the continent’s environmental concerns and found out that these problems were caused by the inhabitants’ ignorance of the universal knowledge that they need to be aware of.
Many problems have arisen in the status quo and it is said that new developments in industry and manufacturing have been root causes of environmental degradation over the past three decades. This thinking has been supported by Sandon. To him, “the rapid growth of population, urbanization and globalization are the driving force of the environmental problems.” He stressed that “the challenge is extremely high not only for the well-developed regions, but in poor parts of the world as well.” Among the many environmental problems that are on the priority list of Africa that he mentioned include: land degradation, deforestation, declining of marine resources and water scarcity of deteriorating of water and air quality. Sandon admitted that Africa has a vast majority of poor states and regions, and blamed poverty to be the major reason and consequence of the environmental degradation.
A working paper titled, “Fatal Problems in Africa South of the Sahara,” add up HIV/AIDS as another cause to the existing environmental problems of Africa aside from poverty stating that “this disease destroys a person’s immune system causing them to be more susceptible to other fatal diseases such as tuberculosis, toxoplasmosis, cancer, pneumonia, and others. Many people contract the disease from having sexual intercourse without protection causing the bodily fluids to mix. It is also caused by the sharing of dirty needles, from mother to child either from birth or through breast milk, and through transfusions of infected blood. Once infected with this disease a person is incurable and will eventually die.”
People receive the said disease because of the increased spread of poverty, a traditional family breakdown of support systems, and miners having sexual intercourse with prostitutes and then transporting the disease to their wives. Many people can not afford to take on the medical expenses and they end up suffering until their death.
The said paper suggested that this problem can be solved and that organizations in the
continent are constantly working solutions in order to control this critical problem by providing condoms, sex education to the youth, and educating people on the harmfulness’ of the disease.
More environmental problems in the continent will be critically scrutinized next issue.